May 9, 2013
The interview was published by Rivista Europae
Date: 9.05.2013 Authors: Valentina Ferrara and Davide D’Urso
Translation (powered by Google Translate). The article in Italian can be found HERE
The European Federalist Party (EFP) is a pan-European party active in 13 Member States of the EU and born in November 2011 by the merger of the Parti Fédéraliste, operating since 1995 in France, Europe and the United Party, founded in 2005 following referendum to the rejection of the Constitutional Treaty in France and the Netherlands. The EFP has formed in each of the countries where it is active, a political party linked to the central federal structure. In Italy has been operating since July 2012, the European Federalist Party (EFP). On the occasion of Europe Day, Europae interviewed the lawyer Marco Marazzi Secretary General of the EFP in Europe and Vice President of the EFP, its enactment Italian.
– The structure of your party is a particularly interesting case in the European scene. Can you explain in a few words what distinguishes, for example, by the PES or EPP?
“The European Federalist Party is a party truly European. At the time the other parties have a base only national and European level lack a real coordination of federal. Very often the groupings of national parties on a European basis are formed within the European Parliament with the establishment of the parliamentary groups, but continue to operate politically in a dimension almost exclusively national. Part of Europe’s problems comes from the fact that the parties continue to have a national structure. This account is now shared by many, even by the European Commission itself.”
– What is the goal of your political action at the European and national level?
“The objective of the EFP is the construction of a European federation. We believe that Europe needs a revolution structural changes that alter the institutional framework, giving a federal government exclusive jurisdiction in matters of foreign policy and defense, but also in areas such as industrial policy and fiscal policy. To achieve this it is crucial the role of European citizens, without whose support the reform process can not take place. For this reason, our political action is also expressed at the national level in Italy, as in other Member States, it is necessary to work politically to implement reforms of the realization of the European federation, in which the United States would continue to have for other important skills, for example, in education and cultural policies.”
– Those of 2014 could be the first truly European elections, with public opinion mobilized on European issues. How do you interpret this election? Do you support the direct election of the President of the European Commission?
“We believe that the European elections of 2014 should have a constitutional character for future European federation. The direct election of the Commission President could be an advantage, especially if this figure was unified with that of the President of the European Council, because it would give greater democratic legitimacy to the EU and to the president a political force different. This step should still be accompanied by a broader process of structural and institutional reform.”
– The EU, however, seems to proceed in small steps, with partial measures do not suggest that such a “big bang” institutional. How could it happen in practice?
“You must return to the people and ask them in an open and democratic if they intend to continue on the path of European integration or not. There are no half paths: either inside, or outside. The choice could be made by pan-European referendum or by subjecting to a referendum a new constitution drawn up by the European Union European Parliament in its constituent function. The important thing is that they are correctly presented the “pros” and “cons”, explaining to citizens the significance of this new step and the consequences of any steps back. In this print should have a key role in helping people to think more and more in a European perspective.”
– Believes that national public opinion are ready for steps like these?
“It is not a matter of being ready or not. What must be clear is that we have more time. We can not think of living as the “Switzerland of the world” the Switzerland of the world is Switzerland. We must understand that the rest of the world moves, the emerging countries, many dimensions of “continental” such as China, India and Brazil, for example, are becoming more assertive and Europe is becoming less central in the international arena. We are aware that this is a complex operation, but it is not even something completely new. The people of Europe have a common cultural background and values on which it is possible to build a federal union. Even if this were not so, it would be just the geopolitical necessity to push in the direction of greater integration. The cost of maintaining political and even economic divisions anachronistic in areas such as foreign policy and that of defense, for example, is no longer sustainable.”
– The federal option is shared by many parties and European political families. In what set yourself apart from other movements that have the goal of a European federation, for example, the PSE, and what can be your political role in Italy as in Europe?
“What distinguishes us from other parties is the fact that the European Federation is the main objective of our party. As Alexander Hamilton in America in the late eighteenth century, the creation of a federation is the top priority for us and not a secondary investment objective. Today the main political families are all-European, at least in words, but they do so selectively. We often hear statements by politicians who claim to be in favor of Europe, but only under certain conditions: only if it is on the left, or only if and ‘right and so on. It would be like saying that the existence of a country like Italy should be conditional on the political color assumed by the parliament at a given time. This’ nonsense, but within the national parties coexist different souls, sometimes close to hostile groups to developments federal Europe. Our task may be to a critical consciousness in favor of the federal project. Our goal aims to be to force the real federalists of the other parties to come forward and confront openly. The CEO is to create a European federation: this and ‘a political project, a project that requires the direct descent into the political arena. Why is there no longer. What we want is to change Europe.”
The article in Italian can be found HEREAuthor : europeanfederalistparty